Marešová J., Drbohlav D., Lhotská V.: Migration-Europe's Integration and the Labour Force "Brain-Drain"
The study has been undertaken as part of a comparative research which aims at analyzing on one hand real and potential "brain drain" of scientists/researchers/developers - including university teachers (scientists) and on the other hand "external and internal brain drain" of scientists etc., in 10 selected ex-communist countries of Central/Eastern Europe (Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia, Bulgaria, Romania, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia). Three special questionnaires were prepared in the Czech Republic to tackle issues of both potential and real migration/movements (field work was carried out between May and June 1995). The questionnaires touched:
1) potential emigration of scientists (935 respondents in 39 institutions were successfully contacted);
2) real migration - the information was get through personnel departments and their staff (via 10 institutions we 359 emigrants were identified);
3) deans/directors/managers of the respective institutions (22 respondents reacted).
(More about sampling methods and a study design - see the report).
Besides the surveys, the report puts the whole issue into a broader context. Hence, issues like the population development, the migration situation and the transformation of the research system are discussed as well.
The whole research activity was funded and organized by European Commission. The Czech national team worked under the auspices of the Department of Social Geography and Regional Development of the Faculty of Science, Charles University in Prague.
Department of Social Geography and Regional Development
Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic